This niche area of human resources blends somewhat with training and development, but is distinguished by the ability to review performance in a structured way. Professionals in talent management focus on an employee’s production in relation to their compensation and generally oversee the performance review and salary increase process. Talent Managers will work closely with management to craft strategies for talking with employees about their performance and career goals. They carefully review employee data and make informed decisions based on this information. They might recommend additional training to fill the gaps or suggest the creation of a new position if performance is not meeting expectations.